The class of compound known as terpenes comprise of essential oils, flavours and fragrances. The extraction and synthesis of compounds such as these is the basis for the perfumery industry. They find a variety of uses in the food and pharmaceutical industry as flavour and odour improvers.
The terpenes were some of the first compounds to be extracted from natural sources (plant material) and were in ancient times highly valued in their pure forms.
Can you spot which terpene may appear as an integral part of the structure of a cannabinoid such as delta 9-THC (reviewed below) ?
Both limonene and citronellal look possibilities but syntheses of delta 9-THC exist which use citronellal more readily.
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- General chemistry :
Solomons T.W.G, Organic Chemistry, 5th Edition, J.Wiley and Sons.Inc, p.1053
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