- Born in Portland, Oregon on 28/2/1901
- His father died when he was only 9 years of age.
- After having started collecting insects, rocks and minerals he became
interested in Chemistry at the age of 13.
- He attended Washington High School
- Although he was an excellent student he dropped out of high school at the
age of 16.
- He then started work as an apprentice machinist but dreamed of going to
college and become a chemical engineer.
- He applied and was accepted by Oregon Agricultural College.
- At college he insured he had enough academic challenges by attending the
most difficult classes.
- He had to work in order to keep attending and so he taught chemistry.
- Thanks to this job he got to know his future wife, Ava Helen.
- After graduating he went to the California Institute of Technology where
he had received a teaching fellowship and where the head of department's,
Professor Arthur Noyes', main research interest was " the nature of the
- At Cal Tech he became an expert in x-ray diffraction.
- After receiving his PhD he then went on to work on several publications
regarding the nature of the chemical bond which linked chemistry to quantum
- In 1931 he became professor at Cal Tech
- As a result of the second world war Pauling shifted his studies to
- He then went on to study hemoglobin.
- The broadness of his different fields of study make him very unusual for a
scientist of his magnitude, not having focused on a specialty topic.
- When the USA joined the war Pauling started research for the U.S. military
in developing missiles, explosives and propellants.
- He also became politically more interested.
- Research into sickle cell anemia linking it to a genetic defect in the
- He received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work done on the Chemical
- In 1958 Pauling
wrote No More War! which discussed the threat of nuclear war and testing. He
and Ava Helen, with the support of students, circulated then submitted an
anti-nuclear petition to the United Nations, which included the signatures
of over 11,000 scientists from 49 countries.
- After Great Britain and the Soviet Union signed the partial nuclear test
ban treaty Pauling was announced Noble Prize Winner for Peace
- Pauling takes big interest in the effects of Vitamin C food supplements in
particular as a cure for the common cold
- In 1973 Linus Pauling
founded the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine (LPI)
- Though he spent most of his final years in nutritional research, his
curiosity kept him involved in other areas.
- In 1992, at age 91, he received a patent for a new technique of
fabricating superconductive materials.
- He also spoke out on the Persian Gulf war. He was truly a renaissance man,
investigating all major areas of science and world peace.
- Dies at his coastal ranch in California in 1994