Linus Pauling (1901-1994): 

Scientist and Humanitarian

by Christopher J. Stelz

    Linus Pauling's life spanned the 20th Century. He was born in 1901 and died in 1994 and his achievements and struggles are a remarkable mirror of an era. Pauling is the only person to date to have won two unshared Nobel Prizes for Chemistry in 1954 and for Peace in 1964 though he and others felt that the Peace Prize should have been shared with his wife, Ava Helen Pauling. As the Nobel Prizes indicate, Pauling was both a renowned scientist and a dedicated peace activist. His scientific discoveries and his efforts to end war have had an influence on all humankind.