Pneumonia

Treatment

Antibiotics are used:

Oxytetracyclines Coopermycin, Terramycin.  Oxytetracyclines are yellow, crystalline, tetracyclic (four-ringed) broad-spectrum antibiotics, that occur naturally in fungi of the genus Streptomyces.

Terramycin

Sulphonamides - Trimethoprim combination. These are bacteriostatic antibiotics, because they inhibit the growth of the bacteria, but do not kill them.  Bacteria can develop a resistance to this drug and it's derivatives.  They are usually given by mouth.  Trimethoprim is an antibacterial drug that is active against a range of microorganisms.  Sulphonamide and trimethoprim are administered as a combination.

Structure of sulphonamide  Trimethoprim

Ceftiofur sodium Broad-spectrum antibiotic

Ceftiofur sodium

 

 

 

 

Nuflor - Manufactured by Schering Plough Animal Health Limited

Florfenicol

NUFLOR Injectable is a solution of the synthetic antibiotic florfenicol. Each milliliter of sterile NUFLOR Injectable Solution contains 300 mg of florfenicol, 250 mg n-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, 150 mg propylene glycol, and polyethylene glycol.

n-methyl-2-pyrrolidone                       propylene glycol

Florfenicol is a synthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic active against many bacteria isolated from domestic animals. It is primarily bacteriostatic, meaning is disable the bacteria from multiplying but does not kill it.  It works against  Pasteurella haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, and Haemophilus somnus.  It is not used for cattle of breeding ageyet because the effects of florfenicol on bovine reproductive performance, pregnancy, and lactation have not been determined.  Side effects are loss of appetite, decreased water consumption, or diarrhoea may occur briefly following treatment.  Drug should be administered intravenously.