European alchemy enjoyed many
significant advances, which built on the ideas of Arabic alchemists.
Amongst Roger Bacon’s (1214-1292) work was his suggestion that
the development of science would be in the direction of furthering mathematical
techniques. This was largely overlooked at the time, but would later be
of critical importance over the next few centuries.
During this period, alchemy in Europe
was branching into two distinct lines – the more philosophical and mystical
area and revival of interest in transmutation, as practiced by many Spanish
chemists of the time, and a more theory based science, which led to the
discovery of many new compounds, as practiced by several important German and
English chemists of that era.
17th century chemistry
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