heart image a rat

Links & References

  1. Biochemistry, Lubert Stryer, Freeman and Co. 1981; the basics of blood clotting are described in Chapter 8.
  2. The Crystal and Molecular Structure and Absolute Configuration of (−)(S)-Warfarin, E.J.Valente, W.F.Trager and L.H.Jensen, Acta Cryst. 1975. B31, 954. A seminal paper on the structure of S-warfarin
  3. Organocatalytic Asymmetric Michael Reaction of Cyclic 1,3-Dicarbonyl Compounds and Unsaturated Ketones - A Highly Atom-Economic Catalytic One-Step Formation of Optically Active Warfarin Anticoagulant, N.Halland, T.Hansen and K.A.Jørgensen, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2003, 42(40), 4955.
  4. Studies on 4-Hydroxycoumarins. V. The Condensation of alpha,beta-Unsaturated Ketones with 4-Hydroxycoumarin. M. Ikawa, M.A. Stahmann and K.P.Link, J.Amer.Chem.Soc 1944, 66, 902.
  5. Pharmacology and Management of the Vitamin K Antagonists, an excellent and freely downloadable, CHEST article from a group of doctors and pharmacologists.
  6. Vitamin K: paper for students
  7. Vitamin K: Linus Pauling Institute article.
  8. Warfarin by Yunas Bhonoah of Imperial College. A student project. The crystal structure paper was not found, nor the differing effects of the two enantiomers. However see the section on the mechanism of action of Warfarin
  9. Pharmacogenetics of warfarin elimination and its clinical implications. A paper dealing with pharmacogenetic polymorphism of cytochrome P450